Diabetes is a condition in which the body becomes unable to control blood sugar levels due to low or ineffective insulin. More than 180 million people worldwide have type 1 diabetes, which affects young people. Diabetes reportedly increases the risk of infertility among women. Women with type 1 diabetes have significantly reduced fertility rates. When it comes to male fertility and its association with diabetes, no direct correlation has been found. However, it could lead to the onset of several other diseases, which can affect fertility and the ability to conceive. In a way, diabetes is causing reduced reproductive rates among couples, which is cause for concern.

How can diabetes affect ovulation in women?

Diabetes can affect a person’s ability to conceive directly or indirectly. It can lead to health complications that make it difficult for the couple to conceive. At the same time, certain complications can affect the reproductive system and interrupt the ovulation process. Some of the conditions you should be aware of include:

How does diabetes affect ovulation in women? Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

1. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a common condition in which cysts form on the ovaries, causing a hormonal imbalance. Although this characteristic alone does not present a health risk, it can decrease fertility. Women with PCOS tend to have higher testosterone levels, a condition known as hyperandrogenism. PCOS can also affect the menstrual cycle and fertility. Making lifestyle changes can help treat the disease.

2. Amenorrhea and Oligomenorrhea

Oligomenorrhea refers to irregular periods that occur at intervals of 35 days or more. If you have had a regular menstrual cycle in the past but have not had a period in at least six months, it may be a symptom of secondary amenorrhea. Having late or no periods is linked to type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Being underweight and having PCOS can contribute to these conditions.

3. Early menopause

Early menopause, or the shrinking of the reproductive organs, occurs before the age of 40, a condition known as premature ovarian failure. It occurs when a woman’s natural supply of estrogen is depleted early in diabetes. This condition can affect health and life expectancy. Type 1 diabetes increases the chance of monthly irregularities in the menstrual cycle and can also lead to premature menopause.

4. birth defects

Women with diabetes have higher glucose levels, which damages embryonic cells and increases the chance of birth defects.

effects of diabetes on infertility
How does diabetes affect ovulation in women? Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

5. Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is more likely to develop in women with diabetes, which could have negative health effects on both mother and fetus.

6. Endometrial cancer

One type of cancer that occurs in the uterus is endometrial cancer. Women with diabetes are relatively more likely to get it. Endometrial cancer is often diagnosed in women who have never given birth and is sometimes linked to ovarian cancer.

How can diabetes be prevented?

Here are some lifestyle changes by which you can control or prevent diabetes.

  • Check your blood sugar levels regularly and keep track of them.
  • Have a healthy eating plan.
  • Participate in regular physical activities
  • keep a healthy weight
  • Manage stress or anxiety
  • Quitting smoking and limiting alcohol intake
smoking causes diabetes
Stop smoking to avoid the risk of infertility among women. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

Put off

These conditions can affect ovulation. While these symptoms can seem overwhelming and scary, they can be managed by changing your lifestyle. Having a healthy lifestyle and diet is the best way to prevent or control it. In cases of extreme confusion or doubt, contact your doctor for a consultation.

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